Git is a widely used version control system for software development.
It is a distributed revision control system with an emphasis on speed, data integrity, and support for distributed, non-linear workflows.
A simple guide to use: Some of the basic commands
Create a new repository
Create a directory, open it and run the command gitinit
Checkout a repository
Create a working copy of local repository running git clone/path/to/repository
For remote host git clone username@host:/path/to/repository
The local directory maintain a tree based structure in git, where root is the Working directory , holding actual files.
The second one is the Index which acts as a staging area and finally the HEAD which points to the last commit you’ve made.
Add and Commit
The propose changes you can add by using git add , this is the first step of git overflow
To actually commit the changes made use git commit -m “Commit message”
, now the file is committed to the HEAD
Pushing changes to the remote
To send the changes in HEAD to your remote repository, execute git push origin master
The master branch is the default branch when you create a repository.
To create a new branch named “feature_1” run git checkout -b feature_1
To switch back to master git checkout master
Delete the branch created git branch -d feature_1
Push the new branch git push origin
Update and Merge
Update your local repository by git pull/path/to/repository
To merge branch into the master branch git merge
We know the advantage to create tags for software releases. You can create a new tag named 1.0.0 by executing
git tag 1.0.0 1x2e1e63cc
1x2e1e63cc stands for the first 10 characters of the commit id you want to reference with your tag.
Distributed version control system is very useful when developers stay in different places and work in same development project. Git is one of the widely used reliable systems in this case. Using git, developers used to keep all versions of projects on a central server, and individual developer checkout and upload changes back to this server.